Previous Page Search Again Next Page

merely ceased publication and was replaced by a new paper, the Industrialisti, without any hiatus having occurred.

In addition to the names previously mentioned, the following have been members of the staff of the Teollisuustyölalinen and/or industrialisti: Tobias Kohvakka, John Viita, Olga Laukki, Antti Vitikainen, Hellin Vitikainen, Topias Kekkonen, Paul Miller, August Wesley, Robert Gilbert, Gust Aakula, Henry Rahko, Manu Porre, William Kari, John Korpi, Jukka Toivari, Peter Merta, Konstant Kiikka, Väinö Wesman, George J. Humon, Ivar Vapaa, Väinö Pelto, William Rein, Jack Mäki, Ernest Sjöman, Ernest Petäjä, Walfrid Jokinen, Abe Wuori, Yrjö Koskinen, Kalle Laito, Charles Mackie, George Niemi, Tiitus Kataja, A. Warne, Väinö Aho, Jack Ujanen, Fanny Pesonen, Reynold Alava, with business managers including Jack Stark, E. Lehtinen, A. G. Helin, A. A. Toivonen, Frank Piltonen, Lauri Lemberg, Herbert Kuhnelius, Hjalmar Aho, Onni Laine, Gust Aakula, Constant Nyman, William Kari, Wesley Kniivilä and Reynold Alava.

It should be mentioned that when the Sosialisti was established at Duluth, the Työmies moved from Duluth to the sister city of Superior, across the river. Its number of subscribers had increased greatly in the years between 1910 and 1913, but the conflict which ensued and which resulted in the starting of the Sosialisti started its decline. Previous attempts had been made to raise the circulation to 15,000, and in 1913 a campaign had been started which resulted in the circulation rising from 10,000 to 13,000. The largest number of subscriptions had been raised in Duluth, where the Työmies maintained an office during 1912-14, headed by Otto Arlund and then by Henry Puranen, for accepting subscriptions, soliciting local advertising, selling travel tickets and books. After the founding of the Sosialisti, the office of the Työmies was moved to another address and headed by Kaarlo Lindevall. In 1917 it moved once more and its subsequent directors, until its closing in 1921, were Naimi Hautala, David Kiiskinen, Jennie Martin and Sofia Carlson.

The Rise and Fall of the IWW: In addition to the Industrialist the IWW movement put out many lesser periodicals and occasional publications. Among them, it may be mentioned, there appeared the Road to Freedom, first published in 1919 and continuing into the 1930s, and in 1926 there was begun the Industrialist Christmas, to which was added in 1955 the Workers' Pocket Calendar which had begun publication in 1930. Unusual editorial procedures have been the rule in these publications.


Previous Page Search Again Next Page