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many other Duluth Finns have come to Lakewood to build themselves summer cottages.

In 1924 Axel Vainio built a hall in Lakewood, on the main highway, and it became a popular dance pavilion. It continued in the same capacity under the subsequent management of Ida Liukkonen, then Ilmari and Tilda Aho, and finally John Lystilä, until it became the property of the Farmers Hall Association, founded in 1934. At about this time, too, Bertha and Otto Saarinen began a cattle breeding service; Saarinen was a graduate of a Finnish agricultural school and brought professional knowledge to his undertaking to improve the herds of local cattle. Another Finn, Einar Nummi, began the Lakewood Nursery Association, while other business ventures included a sawmill put up by William Hill, a logging operation undertaken by Arthur Hill and his son, and a general store kept by Karl and Lillian Harjula. During the war years there was considerable Finnish relief work, with Lydia Hill as secretary of the responsible committee.

Gnesen and Normanna: Both lie to the north of Lakewood. The former was incorporated in 1879, the latter in 1904. The first Finns in these townships were Anna and Toivo Koski, Anton and Saima Mikkola, Jack Nurmi, Alex Tuohenmaa, and Ida and Gust Wikstad. Later, a few more Finns have settled here.

Alden : This township lies north of Duluth Township, on the edge of the county. It was not incorporated until 1920. The Finns, who used to call this place `Manchuria,' first arrived here about the year 1912; Joonas Hill, Manase Isackson, Oscar Laine, Henry Lampela, Jacob Mäki, Ilmari Näppä and Toivo Virtanen. This group arrived on a stormy winter night and spent that night around a campfire, which perhaps accounts for the nickname the Finns gave the place. According to Ilmonen, there lived in Alden about 40 Finnish families. When the township was organized, its first officials were all Finns : Mike Hakkila, Henry Kantola, A. J. Näppä and Henry Lampela. The Finns in Alden had a hall of their own, a farmers' club, and a cattle breeding association; however, according to what Näppä has stated about Alden in the 1950s, in spite of its population of 125, it had `neither church nor saloon.' There are now very few who earn their living by farming; most who live here have jobs elsewhere.

The Finns in Brimson

Continuing to move northward, the next places on the map are Ault, Fairbanks, Bassett and Argo. The first of these was


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